Eurosurveillance remains in the updated list of the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). It was first added to the DOAJ on 9 September 2004. Eurosurveillance is also listed in the Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access / Rights MEtadata for Open archiving (SHERPA/RoMEO) [2], a database which uses a colour‐coding scheme to classify publishers according to their self‐archiving policy and to show the copyright and open access self-archiving policies of academic journals. Eurosurveillance is listed there as a ‘green’ journal, which means that authors can archive pre-print (i.e. pre-refereeing), post-print (i.e. final draft post-refereeing) and archive the publisher's version/PDF.

Follow Eurosurveillance on Twitter: @Eurosurveillanc

Note of concern published for 'Epidemiological investigation of MERS-CoV spread in a single hospital in South Korea, May to June 2015',

In this issue

Home Eurosurveillance Weekly Release  2003: Volume 7/ Issue 10 Article 3
Back to Table of Contents

Eurosurveillance, Volume 7, Issue 10, 06 March 2003

Citation style for this article: Lawrence J. Dengue fever in Cairns, Australia. Euro Surveill. 2003;7(10):pii=2175. Available online:

Dengue fever in Cairns, Australia

Jo Lawrence (, Public Health Laboratory Service Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London, England.

Three locally acquired cases of dengue fever have been confirmed in Cairns, Australia. Dengue serotype 2 has been confirmed in one of the cases (Brian Montgomery, Scientific Officer, Tropical Public Health Unit, Queensland Heath, personal communication, 5 March 2003).

All three patients are residents of Cairns and became ill in mid February 2003. One of them also had a connection with Mareeba (approximately 40 km west of Cairns) during the infectious period (1). The primary case has not yet been identified, and there is a possibility that more people may be infected in Cairns or Mareeba. The Dengue Action Response Team (DART) is carrying out extensive mosquito surveillance and eradication in line with the protocols established in the Dengue Fever Management Plan for North Queensland 2000-2005 (2).

Dengue is not endemic in Queensland but the mosquito vector Aedes aegypti, is common in north Queensland. Sporadic outbreaks occur when the virus is introduced via international travellers or residents returning from endemic countries, most typically, Asia and the south Pacific. There have been three large outbreaks of dengue in north Queensland since 1992, all originating from imported cases; one in Townsville (1992-3), involving 900 cases, one in the Torres Strait and Cairns (1996-7), involving 208 cases, and the third in Cairns, Mossman, and Port Douglas (2000), involving 498 cases (2).

Prevention of dengue focuses around avoidance of mosquito bites. Advice to European travellers to Queensland would include the use of an appropriate insect repellent (containing Diethyltoluamide (DEET)) and to wear long sleeved shirts and long trousers to limit skin available for bites. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes bite during the day (particularly around dawn and dusk) and may be found both outdoors and indoors. Spraying rooms with a knockdown insecticide and using an electrical pyrethroid vaporiser will help to control mosquitoes indoors. Air conditioning also tends to make mosquitoes less active. Sleeping under an impregnated mosquito net will minimise mosquito bites from dawn onwards.

All travellers to Australia should take measures to prevent bites to protect themselves against other mosquito-borne diseases such as Ross River virus, Barmah Forest virus, Kunjin virus, and Murray Valley Encephalitis.

References :
  1. Queensland Health, Queensland Government, Australia. Suspected dengue cases in Cairns (press release). 28 February 2003.
  2. Queensland Health. Dengue Fever Management Plan for North Queensland 2000-2005. Queensland Government, Australia. ( [accessed 6 March 2003].

back to top

Back to Table of Contents

The publisher’s policy on data collection and use of cookies.

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed by authors contributing to Eurosurveillance do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) or the editorial team or the institutions with which the authors are affiliated. Neither ECDC nor any person acting on behalf of ECDC is responsible for the use that might be made of the information in this journal. The information provided on the Eurosurveillance site is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her physician. Our website does not host any form of commercial advertisement. Except where otherwise stated, all manuscripts published after 1 January 2016 will be published under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) licence. You are free to share and adapt the material, but you must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the licence, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

Eurosurveillance [ISSN] - ©2007-2016. All rights reserved

This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information:
verify here.