1887
Surveillance and outbreak report Open Access
Like 0

Abstract

Surveillance of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) was implemented in 2016 in response to the large outbreak reported in the Americas in 2015 associated with an increased number of infants born with microcephaly. Between June 2015 and January 2017, 21 EU/EEA countries reported 2,133 confirmed cases of ZIKV infection, of whom 106 were pregnant women. Cases infected in the Caribbean constituted 71% of reported cases. Almost all cases (99%) were most probably infected by mosquito bite during travel outside continental Europe, while only 1% were transmitted sexually. Considering that 584 imported cases were reported between May and October 2016 among residents of areas with established presence of , the absence of autochthonous vector-borne cases suggests that is not an efficient vector for ZIKV infection.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.41.17-00254
2017-10-12
2017-12-11
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.41.17-00254
Loading
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/eurosurveillance/22/41/eurosurv-22-41-3.html?itemId=/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.41.17-00254&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Musso D, Gubler DJ. Zika Virus. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2016;29(3):487-524.  https://doi.org/10.1128/CMR.00072-15  PMID: 27029595 
  2. Cao-Lormeau V-M, Roche C, Teissier A, Robin E, Berry A-L, Mallet H-P, et al. Zika virus, French polynesia, South pacific, 2013. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(6):1085-6.  https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2006.140138  PMID: 24856001 
  3. Petersen LR, Jamieson DJ, Powers AM, Honein MA. Zika Virus. N Engl J Med. 2016 Mar 30;0(0):null.
  4. World Health Organization (WHO). WHO statement on the first meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR 2005) Emergency Committee on Zika virus and observed increase in neurological disorders and neonatal malformations. Geneva: WHO. [Accessed: 12 Dec 2016]. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/statements/2016/1st-emergency-committee-zika/en/
  5. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Interim case definition for surveillance of Zika virus infection. Stockholm: ECDC. [Accessed: 13 Jan 2017]. Available from: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/zika_virus_infection/patient-case-management/Pages/case-definition.aspx
  6. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Interim guidance for healthcare providers and Zika virus laboratory diagnosis. Stockholm: ECDC; 2016. Available from: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/Publications/zika-virus-guidance-healthcare-providers-and-laboratory-diagnosis.pdf
  7. European Parliament. Outermost regions (ORs). Fact Sheets on the European Union. Brussels: European Parliament; July 2017. Available from: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/atyourservice/en/displayFtu.html?ftuId=FTU_5.1.7.html
  8. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Exotic mosquitoes: Distribution maps. Stockholm: ECDC. [Accessed: 5 Apr 2017]. Available from: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/vectors/vector-maps/Pages/VBORNET_maps.aspx
  9. Lammert S, Walker AT, Erskine S, Rao SR, Esposito DH, Ryan ET, et al. Characteristics of US Travelers to Zika Virus-Affected Countries in the Americas, March 2015-October 2016. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(2):324-7.  https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2302.161292  PMID: 27926355 
  10. Brasil P, Pereira JP Jr, Moreira ME, Ribeiro Nogueira RM, Damasceno L, Wakimoto M, et al. Zika Virus Infection in Pregnant Women in Rio de Janeiro. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(24):2321-34.  https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1602412  PMID: 26943629 
  11. Moreira J, Peixoto TM, Siqueira AM, Lamas CC. Sexually acquired Zika virus: a systematic review. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2017;23(5):296-305.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2016.12.027  PMID: 28062314 
  12. Yakob L, Kucharski A, Hue S, Edmunds WJ. Low risk of a sexually-transmitted Zika virus outbreak. Lancet Infect Dis. 2016;16(10):1100-2.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30324-3  PMID: 27676337 
  13. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2017 case counts in the US. Atlanta: CDC. [Accessed: 13 Jan 2017]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/zika/geo/united-states.html
  14. Septfons A, Leparc-Goffart I, Couturier E, Franke F, Deniau J, Balestier A, et al. Travel-associated and autochthonous Zika virus infection in mainland France, 1 January to 15 July 2016. Euro Surveill. 2016;21(32):30315.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2016.21.32.30315  PMID: 27542120 
  15. Jupille H, Seixas G, Mousson L, Sousa CA, Failloux A-B. Zika Virus, a New Threat for Europe? PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016;10(8):e0004901.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0004901  PMID: 27505002 
  16. Di Luca M, Severini F, Toma L, Boccolini D, Romi R, Remoli ME, et al. Experimental studies of susceptibility of Italian Aedes albopictus to Zika virus. Euro Surveill. 2016;21(18):30223.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2016.21.18.30223  PMID: 27171034 
  17. Grard G, Caron M, Mombo IM, Nkoghe D, Mboui Ondo S, Jiolle D, et al. Zika virus in Gabon (Central Africa)--2007: a new threat from Aedes albopictus? PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014;8(2):e2681.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002681  PMID: 24516683 
  18. Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). Zika - epidemiological update. Washington: PAHO; 2016. Available from: http://www.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&Itemid=270&gid=34243&lang=en
  19. Heitmann A, Jansen S, Lühken R, Leggewie M, Badusche M, Pluskota B, et al. Experimental transmission of Zika virus by mosquitoes from central Europe. Euro Surveill. 2017;22(2):30437.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.2.30437  PMID: 28106528 
  20. Funk S, Kucharski AJ, Camacho A, Eggo RM, Yakob L, Murray LM, et al. Comparative Analysis of Dengue and Zika Outbreaks Reveals Differences by Setting and Virus. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016;10(12):e0005173.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005173  PMID: 27926933 
  21. Massad E, Tan S-H, Khan K, Wilder-Smith A. Estimated Zika virus importations to Europe by travellers from Brazil. Glob Health Action. 2016;9(1):31669.  https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.31669  PMID: 28156871 
  22. Mollet T, Szegedi E, Bogaardt C. The Communicable Diseases Threat Report now published every week on the ECDC website. Euro Surveill. 2012;17(7):20092. PMID: 22370019 
/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.41.17-00254
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Comment has been disabled for this content
Submit comment
Close
Comment moderation successfully completed
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error