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Abstract

We report the fatal case of acute melioidosis in a patient returning from Martinique with fever in November 2010. Gram-negative rods were isolated from a blood culture and Burkholderia pseudomallei identified within 24 hours after first medical contact. The patient died two days after admission to hospital despite intravenous therapy with high doses of imipenem/cilastatin and intensive care. Clinicians seeing travellers returning from the subtropics or tropics with severe pneumonia or septicaemia should consider the possibility of acute melioidosis.

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/content/10.2807/ese.16.01.19758-en
2011-01-06
2017-10-22
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/10.2807/ese.16.01.19758-en
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