1887
Surveillance and outbreak reports Open Access
Like 0

Abstract

Between 2007 and 2010, the Netherlands experienced one of the largest outbreaks of Q fever. Since asymptomatic Coxiella burnetii infection has been associated with maternal and obstetric complications, evidence about the effectiveness of routine screening during pregnancy in outbreak areas is needed. We performed a clustered randomised controlled trial during the Dutch outbreak, in which 55 midwife centres were randomised to recruit pregnant women for an intervention or control strategy. In both groups a serum sample was taken between 20 and 32 weeks of gestation. In the intervention group (n=536), the samples were analysed immediately by indirect immunofluorescence assay for the presence of IgM and IgG (phase I/II) and treatment was given during pregnancy in case of an acute or chronic infection. In the control group (n=693), sera were frozen for analysis after delivery. In both groups 15% were seropositive. In the intervention group 2.2% of the women were seropositive and had an obstetric complication, compared with 1.4% in the control group (Odds ratio: 1.54 (95% confidence interval 0.60-3.96)). During a large Q fever outbreak, routine C. burnetii screening starting at 20 weeks of gestation was not associated with a relevant reduction in obstetric complications and should therefore not be recommended.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/10.2807/ese.18.24.20504-en
2013-06-13
2017-11-17
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/10.2807/ese.18.24.20504-en
Loading
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/eurosurveillance/18/24/art20504-en.htm?itemId=/content/10.2807/ese.18.24.20504-en&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah
Comment has been disabled for this content
Submit comment
Close
Comment moderation successfully completed
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error