Rapid communication Open Access
Like 0


We assessed the ability of a French population of to transmit yellow fever virus (YFV). Batches of 30 to 40 female mosquitoes were analysed at 7, 14 and 21 days post-exposure (dpe). Bodies, heads and saliva were screened for YFV. Infectious viral particles were detected in bodies and heads at 7, 14 and 21 dpe whereas the virus was found in saliva only from 14 dpe. Our results showed that can potentially transmit YFV.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Rodhain F, Hannoun C, Jousset FX, Ravisse P. Isolement du virus de la fièvre jaune à Paris A partir de deux cas humains importés [Isolation of the yellow fever virus in Paris from 2 imported human cases]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot Filiales. 1979;72(5-6):411-5. PMID: 261928 
  2. Dubrulle M, Mousson L, Moutailler S, Vazeille M, Failloux AB. Chikungunya virus and Aedes mosquitoes: saliva is infectious as soon as two days after oral infection. PLoS One. 2009;4(6):e5895.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005895  PMID: 19521520 
  3. Vazeille M, Yébakima A, Lourenço-de-Oliveira R, Andriamahefazafy B, Correira A, Rodrigues JM, et al. Oral receptivity of Aedes aegypti from Cape Verde for yellow fever, dengue, and chikungunya viruses. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2013;13(1):37-40.  https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2012.0982  PMID: 23199267 
  4. Barrett AD, Monath TP. Epidemiology and ecology of yellow fever virus. Adv Virus Res. 2003;61:291-315.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-3527(03)61007-9  PMID: 14714435 
  5. Barrett AD, Higgs S. Yellow fever: a disease that has yet to be conquered. Annu Rev Entomol. 2007;52(1):209-29.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.52.110405.091454  PMID: 16913829 
  6. Vasconcelos PF, Monath TP. Yellow Fever Remains a Potential Threat to Public Health. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2016;16(8):566-7.  https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2016.2031  PMID: 27400066 
  7. Mutebi JP, Wang H, Li L, Bryant JE, Barrett AD. Phylogenetic and evolutionary relationships among yellow fever virus isolates in Africa. J Virol. 2001;75(15):6999-7008.  https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.75.15.6999-7008.2001  PMID: 11435580 
  8. Tabachnick WJ, Wallis GP, Aitken TH, Miller BR, Amato GD, Lorenz L, et al. Oral infection of Aedes aegypti with yellow fever virus: geographic variation and genetic considerations. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1985;34(6):1219-24. PMID: 3834804 
  9. Barrett AD. Yellow Fever in Angola and Beyond--The Problem of Vaccine Supply and Demand. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(4):301-3.  https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp1606997  PMID: 27276108 
  10. Grobbelaar AA, Weyer J, Moolla N, Jansen van Vuren P, Moises F, Paweska JT. Resurgence of Yellow Fever in Angola, 2015-2016. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;22(10):1854-5.  https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2210.160818  PMID: 27536787 
  11. World Health Organization (WHO). Yellow fever – Angola. Geneva: WHO; 14 Jun 2016. Available from: http://www.who.int/csr/don/14-june-2016-yellow-fever-angola/en/
  12. World Health Organization (WHO). Situation report. Yellow fever. 15 July 2016. Geneva: WHO; 15 Jul 2016. Available from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/246224/1/yellowfeversitrep-15Jul16-eng.pdf?ua=1
  13. World Health Organization (WHO). Yellow fever – Democratic Republic of the Congo. Geneva: WHO; 2 Jun 2016. Available from: http://www.who.int/csr/don/02-june-2016-yellow-fever-drc/en/
  14. World Health Organization (WHO). Yellow fever – Uganda. Geneva: WHO; 2 May 2016. Available from: http://www.who.int/csr/don/02-may-2016-yellow-fever-uganda/en/
  15. Vasconcelos PF, Monath TP. Yellow Fever Remains a Potential Threat to Public Health. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2016;16(8):566-7.  https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2016.2031  PMID: 27400066 
  16. Chen Z, Liu L, Lv Y, Zhang W, Li J, Zhang Y, et al. A fatal yellow fever virus infection in China: description and lessons. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2016;5(7):e69.  https://doi.org/10.1038/emi.2016.89  PMID: 27406389 
  17. Ling Y, Chen J, Huang Q, Hu Y, Zhu A, Ye S, et al. Yellow Fever in a Worker Returning to China from Angola, March 2016. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;22(7):1317-8.  https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2207.160469  PMID: 27314417 
  18. Medlock JM, Hansford KM, Schaffner F, Versteirt V, Hendrickx G, Zeller H, et al. A review of the invasive mosquitoes in Europe: ecology, public health risks, and control options. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2012;12(6):435-47.  https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2011.0814  PMID: 22448724 
  19. Miller BR, Mitchell CJ, Ballinger ME. Replication, tissue tropisms and transmission of yellow fever virus in Aedes albopictus. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1989;83(2):252-5.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0035-9203(89)90667-6  PMID: 2609379 
  20. Miller BR, Monath TP, Tabachnick WJ, Ezike VI. Epidemic yellow fever caused by an incompetent mosquito vector. Trop Med Parasitol. 1989;40(4):396-9. PMID: 2623418 
  21. Tesh RB, Guzman H, da Rosa AP, Vasconcelos PF, Dias LB, Bunnell JE, et al. Experimental yellow fever virus infection in the Golden Hamster (Mesocricetus auratus). I. Virologic, biochemical, and immunologic studies. J Infect Dis. 2001;183(10):1431-6.  https://doi.org/10.1086/320199  PMID: 11319679 
  22. Vainio J, Cutts F. Yellow fever. WHO/EPI/GEN/9811. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1998. p. 1–87.
  23. Fontenille D, Failloux AB, Romi R. Should we expect chikungunya and dengue in Southern Europe? In: Takken W, editor. Ecology and Control of Vector-Borne Diseases. Vol 1. Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2007. p. 169-84.
Submit comment
Comment moderation successfully completed
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error