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In this study, New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM)-producing were identified in Irish recreational waters and sewage. Indistinguishable NDM-producing by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis were isolated from sewage, a fresh water stream and a human source. NDM-producing isolated from sewage and seawater in the same area were closely related to each other and to a human isolate. This raises concerns regarding the potential for sewage discharges to contribute to the spread of carbapenemase-producing .


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