Rapid communication Open Access
Like 2


During 2013–2017, 620 cases of were reported in the European Union/European Economic Area – 466 (75.2%) colonisations, 110 (17.7%) bloodstream infections, 40 (6.5%) other infections and four cases (0.6%) of unknown colonisation/infection status – the majority from four large outbreaks. Survey results showed that several countries lacked laboratory capacity and/or information on the occurrence of cases at national level. To prevent further spread, adequate laboratory capacity and infection control preparedness is required in Europe.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Candida auris in healthcare settings -Europe. Stockholm: ECDC; 2016. Available from: https://ecdc.europa.eu/sites/portal/files/media/en/publications/Publications/Candida-in-healthcare-settings_19-Dec-2016.pdf
  2. Satoh K, Makimura K, Hasumi Y, Nishiyama Y, Uchida K, Yamaguchi H. Candida auris sp. nov., a novel ascomycetous yeast isolated from the external ear canal of an inpatient in a Japanese hospital. Microbiol Immunol. 2009;53(1):41-4.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1348-0421.2008.00083.x  PMID: 19161556 
  3. Jeffery-Smith A, Taori SK, Schelenz S, Jeffery K, Johnson EM, Borman A, et al. Candida auris: a Review of the Literature. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2017;31(1):e00029-17.  https://doi.org/10.1128/CMR.00029-17  PMID: 29142078 
  4. Spivak ES, Hanson KE. Candida auris: an Emerging Fungal Pathogen. J Clin Microbiol. 2018;56(2):e01588-17.  PMID: 29167291 
  5. Lamoth F, Kontoyiannis DP. The Candida auris Alert: Facts and Perspectives. J Infect Dis. 2018;217(4):516-20.  https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jix597  PMID: 29390110 
  6. Arendrup MC, Prakash A, Meletiadis J, Sharma C, Chowdhary A. Comparison of EUCAST and CLSI Reference Microdilution MICs of Eight Antifungal Compounds for Candida auris and Associated Tentative Epidemiological Cutoff Values. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2017;61(6):e00485-17.  https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00485-17  PMID: 28416539 
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Clinical alert to U.S. healthcare facilities: global emergence of invasive infections caused by the multidrug-resistant yeast Candida auris. Atlanta: CDC; 2016. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/candidiasis/candida-auris-alert.html
  8. Public Health England (PHE). Candida auris identified in England. London: PHE; 2016. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/candida-auris-emergence-in-england/candida-auris-identified-in-england
  9. Calvo B, Melo AS, Perozo-Mena A, Hernandez M, Francisco EC, Hagen F, et al. First report of Candida auris in America: Clinical and microbiological aspects of 18 episodes of candidemia. J Infect. 2016;73(4):369-74.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2016.07.008  PMID: 27452195 
  10. National Institute for Communicable Diseases. South Africa. Candida auris outbreak in the neonatal unit of a Johannesburg public-sector hospital. Johannesburg: NICD; 2017. Available from: http://www.nicd.ac.za/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/NICD-Communicable-Diseases-Communique_September2017_final.pdf
  11. Tsay S, Welsh RM, Adams EH, Chow NA, Gade L, Berkow EL, et al. Notes from the Field: Ongoing Transmission of Candida auris in Health Care Facilities - United States, June 2016-May 2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017;66(19):514-5.  https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6619a7  PMID: 28520710 
  12. Chowdhary A, Sharma C, Duggal S, Agarwal K, Prakash A, Singh PK, et al. New clonal strain of Candida auris, Delhi, India. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013;19(10):1670-3.  https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1910.130393  PMID: 24048006 
  13. Wiederhold NP. Antifungal resistance: current trends and future strategies to combat. Infect Drug Resist. 2017;10:249-59.  https://doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S124918  PMID: 28919789 
  14. Kullberg BJ, Arendrup MC. Invasive Candidiasis. N Engl J Med. 2015;373(15):1445-56.  https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra1315399  PMID: 26444731 
  15. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Candida auris Clinical Update - September 2017 Atlanta: CDC; 2017. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/candidiasis/c-auris-alert-09-17.html
  16. Lockhart SR, Jackson BR, Vallabhaneni S, Ostrosky-Zeichner L, Pappas PG, Chiller T. Thinking beyond the Common Candida Species: Need for Species-Level Identification of Candida Due to the Emergence of Multidrug-Resistant Candida auris. J Clin Microbiol. 2017;55(12):3324-7.  https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01355-17  PMID: 28904185 
  17. Tsay S, Kallen A, Jackson BR, Chiller TM, Vallabhaneni S. Approach to the Investigation and Management of Patients With Candida auris, an Emerging Multidrug-Resistant Yeast. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;66(2):306-11.  https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cix744  PMID: 29020224 

Data & Media loading...

Submit comment
Comment moderation successfully completed
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error