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Hospitals from 24 European countries were asked for information on infection prevention and control (IPC) indicators as part of the Prevention of Hospital Infections by Intervention and Training (PROHIBIT) survey. Leading IPC personnel of 297 hospitals with established healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) surveillance provided information on local surveillance and feedback by using a questionnaire. Most hospitals focused on bloodstream infection (BSI) (n = 251) and surgical site infection (SSI) (n = 254), with a SSI post-discharge surveillance in 148 hospitals. As part of the HCAI surveillance, meticillin-resistant (MRSA) was the leading multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) under surveillance. Seventy-nine per cent of hospitals (n = 236) monitored alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) consumption. Feedback to the local IPC committees mainly included outcome data on HCAI (n = 259; 87%) and MDRO among HCAI (n = 245; 83%); whereupon a feedback of MDRO data depended on hospital size (p = 0.012). Objectives and methods of surveillance vary across Europe, with BSI, SSI and MRSA receiving considerably more attention than indicators such as pneumonia and urinary tract infection, which may be equally important. In order to maximise prevention and control of HCAI and MDRO in Europe, surveillance should be further improved by targeting relevant HCAI. The role of feedback should be explored in more detail.


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