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Residents in long-term care are at high risk of infections because of their old age and many related health problems that lead to frequent antibiotic prescribing. The aim of the study was to assess antibiotic use in Slovenian long-term care facilities (LTCFs). The point-prevalence study was conducted between April and June 2016. Online questionnaires were sent to all Slovenian LTCFs. Eighty (68.4%) of the 117 LTCFs contacted, caring for 13,032 residents (70.6% of all Slovenian LTCF residents), responded to the survey. On the day of the study, the mean antibiotic prevalence per LTCF was 2.4% (95% confidence interval: 1.94–2.66). Most (70.2%) of the residents taking antibiotics were female. Most residents were being treated for respiratory tract (42.7%) or urinary tract (33.3%) infections. Co-amoxiclav and fluoroquinolones were the most frequently prescribed antibiotics (41.0% and 22.3% respectively). Microbiological tests were performed for 5.2% of residents receiving antibiotics. Forty nine (19.8%) residents receiving antibiotics were colonised with multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDR). Antibiotic use in Slovenian LTCFs is not very high, but most prescribed antibiotics are broad-spectrum. Together with low use of microbiological testing and high prevalence of colonisation with MDR bacteria the situation is worrisome and warrants the introduction of antimicrobial stewardship interventions.


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