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  • Geographical and temporal distribution of SARS-CoV-2 clades in the WHO European Region, January to June 2020 separator commenting unavailable

  • Erik Alm1 ORCID icon, Eeva K Broberg1 ORCID icon, Thomas Connor2,3 ORCID icon, Emma B Hodcroft4 ORCID icon, Andrey B Komissarov5 ORCID icon, Sebastian Maurer-Stroh6,7,8,9 ORCID icon, Angeliki Melidou1 ORCID icon, Richard A Neher4 ORCID icon, Áine O’Toole10 ORCID icon, Dmitriy Pereyaslov11 , The WHO European Region sequencing laboratories and GISAID EpiCoV group12
  • The WHO European Region sequencing laboratories and GISAID EpiCoV group*: Niko Beerenwinkel, Susana Posada-Céspedes, Kim Philipp Jablonski, Pedro Falé Ferreira, Ivan Topolsky, Tatjana Avšič-Županc, Miša Korva, Mario Poljak, Samo Zakotnik, Tomaž Mark Zorec, Karoline Bragstad, Olav Hungnes, Kathrine Stene-Johansen, Chantal Reusken, Adam Meijer, Harry Vennema, Lidia Ruiz-Roldán, María Alma Bracho, Neris García-González, Álvaro Chiner-Oms, Irving Cancino-Muñoz, Iñaki Comas, Galo A Goig, Manuela Torres-Puente, Mariana G López, Llúcia Martínez-Priego, Giuseppe D'Auria, Paula Ruíz-Hueso, Loreto Ferrús-Abad, Griselda de Marco, Inmaculada Galan-Vendrell, Sandra Carbó-Ramirez, Paula Ruiz-Rodriguez, Mireia Coscollá, Katerina Polackova, Lenka Kramna, Ondrej Cinek, Jan Richter, George Krashias, Christina Tryfonos, Stavros Bashiardes, Dana Koptides, Christina Christodoulou, Barbara Bartolini, Cesare Em Gruber, Antonino Di Caro, Concetta Castilletti, Fabrizio Stefani, Sara Giordana Rimoldi, Francesca Romeri, Franco Salerno, Stefano Polesello, Alexander Nagy, Helena Jirincova, Jaromira Vecerova, Ludmila Novakova, Samuel Cordey, Marine Murtskhvaladze, Nato Kotaria, Tobias Schär, Christian Beisel, Oliver Vugrek, Filip Rokić, Lovro Trgovec-Greif, Igor Jurak, Tomislav Rukavina, Neven Sučić, Kristian Schønning, Søren M Karst, Rasmus H Kirkegaard, Thomas Y Michaelsen, Emil Aa Sørensen, Simon Knutson, Jakob Brandt, Vang Le-Quy, Trine Sørensen, Celine Petersen, Martin Schou Pedersen, Sanne Løkkegaard Larsen, Marianne Nielsine Skov, Morten Rasmussen, Jannik Fonager, Anders Fomsgaard, Rinat Amirovich Maksyutov, Elena Vasil'Evna Gavrilova, Oleg Victorovich Pyankov, Sergey Alexandrovich Bodnev, Tatyana Vladimirovna Tregubchak, Alexander Nikolayevich Shvalov, Denis Victorovich Antonets, Paola Cristina Resende, Stephanie Goya, Amandine Perrin, Raphael Tc Lee, Shilpa Yadahalli, Alvin X Han, Colin A Russell, Stefan Schmutz, Maryam Zaheri, Verena Kufner, Michael Huber, Alexandra Trkola, Markus Antwerpen, Mathias C Walter, Sylvie van der Werf, Fabiana Gambaro, Sylvie Behillil, Vincent Enouf, Flora Donati, Monta Ustinova, Vita Rovite, Janis Klovins, Oksana Savicka, Anke K Wienecke-Baldacchino, Catherine Ragimbeau, Guillaume Fournier, Joël Mossong, Stephan W Aberle, Mattias Haukland, Theresa Enkirch, Abdolreza Advani, Maria Lind Karlberg, Oskar Karlsson Lindsjö, Sandra Broddesson, Monika Sláviková, Martina Ličková, Boris Klempa, Edita Staroňová, Elena Tichá, Tomáš Szemes, Diana Rusňáková, Tanja Stadler, Josep Quer, Andres Anton, Cristina Andres, Maria Piñana, Damir Garcia-Cehic, Tomas Pumarola, Jacques Izopet, Georgia Gioula, Maria Exindari, Anna Papa, Dimitrios Chatzidimitriou, Symeon Metallidis, Stella Pappa, Milan Macek Jr, Jan Geryk, Petr Brož, Aleš Briksí, Petr Hubáček, Pavel Dřevínek, Miroslav Zajac, Petr Kvapil, Michal Holub, Kateřina Kvapilová, Adam Novotný, Martin Kašný, Petr Klempt, Olli Vapalahti, Teemu Smura, Tarja Sironen, Philippe Selhorst, Colin Anthony, Kevin Ariën, Etienne Simon-Loriere, Lukasz Rabalski, Krystyna Bienkowska-Szewczyk, Vítor Borges, Joana Isidro, João Paulo Gomes, Raquel Guiomar, Pedro Pechirra, Inês Costa, Sílvia Duarte, Luís Vieira, Krzysztof Pyrc, Neta S Zuckerman, Shahlo Turdikulova, Alisher Abdullaev, Dilbar Dalimova, Abror Abdurakhimov, Adriano Tagliabracci, Federica Alessandrini, Filomena Melchionda, Valerio Onofri, Chiara Turchi, Patrizia Bagnarelli, Stefano Menzo, Sara Caucci, Laura Di Sante, Alexandra Popa, Jakob-Wendelin Genger, Benedikt Agerer, Alexander Lercher, Lukas Endler, Mark Smyth, Thomas Penz, Michael Schuster, Martin Senekowitsch, Jan Laine, Christoph Bock, Andreas Bergthaler, Alexandr Shevtsov, Ruslan Kalendar, Yerlan Ramanculov, Alexander Graf, Maximilian Muenchhoff, Oliver T Keppler, Stefan Krebs, Helmut Blum, Alessandro Marcello, Danilo Licastro, Pierlanfranco D'Agaro, Florian Laubscher, Dejan Vidanovic, Bojana Tesovic, Jeremy Volkening, Nicola Clementi, Nicasio Mancini, Maja Rupnik, Aleksander Mahnic, Andreas Walker, Torsten Houwaart, Tobias Wienemann, Malte Kohns Vasconcelos, Daniel Strelow, Björn-Erik Ole Jensen, Tina Senff, Lisanna Hülse, Ortwin Adams, Marcel Andree, Sandra Hauka, Torsten Feldt, Verena Keitel, Detlef Kindgen-Milles, Jörg Timm, Klaus Pfeffer, Alexander T Dilthey, Catherine Moore, Aykut Ozdarendeli, Shaikh Terkis Islam Pavel, Hazel Yetiskin, Gunsu Aydin, Can Holyavkin, Muhammet Ali Uygut, Ceren Cevik, Alexey Shchetinin, Vladimir Gushchin, Gizem Dinler-Doganay, Levent Doganay, Tugba Kizilboga-Akgun, Ilker Karacan, Katarzyna Pancer, Piet Maes, Joan Martí-Carreras, Tony Wawina-Bokalanga, Bert Vanmechelen, Andrea Thürmer, Marianne Wedde, Ralf Dürrwald, Max Von Kleist, Oliver Drechsel, Thorsten Wolff, Stephan Fuchs, Rene Kmiecinski, Janine Michel, Andreas Nitsche, Inmaculada Casas, María Iglesias Caballero, Ángel Zaballos, Pilar Jiménez, Mercedes Jiménez, Sara Monzón Fernández, Sarai Varona Fernández, Isabel Cuesta De La Plaza, Artem Fadeev, Anna Ivanova, Mariia Sergeeva, Paola Stefanelli, M Estee Torok, Grant Hall, Ana da Silva Filipe, Lance Turtle, Safiah Afifi, Kathryn Mccluggage, Robert Beer, Juan Ledesma, Joshua Maksimovic, Karla Spellman, William L Hamilton, Angela Marchbank, Joel Alexander Southgate, Anthony Underwood, Ben Taylor, Corin Yeats, Khalil Abudahab, Matthew R Gemmell, Richard Eccles, Anita Lucaci, Charlotte Abigail Nelson, Lucille Rainbow, Mark Whitehead, Richard Gregory, Sam Haldenby, Steve Paterson, Margaret A Hughes, Martin D Curran, David Baker, Rachel Tucker, Luke R Green, Theresa Feltwell, Fenella D Halstead, Matthew Wyles, Aminu S Jahun, Shazaad S Y Ahmad, Iliana Georgana, Ian Goodfellow, Anna Yakovleva, Luke W Meredith, Artemis Gavriil, Ali Raza Awan, Chloe Fisher, Jonathan Edgeworth, Jessica Lynch, Nathan Moore, Rebecca Williams, Stephen P Kidd, Nicholas Cortes, Kirstyn Brunker, John T Mccrone, Joshua Quick, Nichola Duckworth, Sarah Walsh, Tim Sloan, Catherine Ludden, Ryan P George, Gary Eltringham, Julianne R Brown, Elihu Aranday-Cortes, James G Shepherd, Joseph Hughes, Kathy K Li, Thomas C Williams, Natasha Johnson, Natasha Jesudason, Daniel Mair, Emma Thomson, Rajiv Shah, Yasmin A Parr, Stephen Carmichael, David L Robertson, Kyriaki Nomikou, Alice Broos, Marc Niebel, Katherine Smollett, Lily Tong, Shahjahan Miah, Anita Wittner, Nicole Phillips, Brendan Payne, Rebecca Dewar, Alison Holmes, Frances Bolt, James R Price, Siddharth Mookerjee, Dheeraj K Sethi, Will Potter, Rachael Stanley, Reenesh Prakash, Samir Dervisevic, Jonathan Clive Graham, Andrew Nelson, Darren Smith, Gregory R Young, Wen Chyin Yew, John A Todd, Amy Trebes, Monique Andersson, Matthew Bull, Joanne Watkins, Alec Birchley, Bree Gatica-Wilcox, Lauren Gilbert, Sara Kumžiene-Summerhayes, Sara Rey, Anoop Chauhan, Ethan Butcher, Kelly Bicknell, Scott Elliott, Sharon Glaysher, Angie Lackenby, David Bibby, Steven Platt, Hodan Mohamed, Nicholas William Machin, Jean Lutamyo Mbisa, Jonathan Evans, Malorie Perry, Nicole Pacchiarini, Sally Corden, Alexander Geraint Adams, Amy Gaskin, Jason Coombs, Lee John Graham, Simon Cottrell, Mari Morgan, Laura Gifford, Anastasia Kolyva, Steven John Rudder, Alexander J Trotter, Alison E Mather, Alp Aydin, Andrew J Page, Gemma L Kay, Leonardo de Oliveira Martins, Muhammad Yasir, Nabil-Fareed Alikhan, Nicholas M Thomson, Rachel Gilroy, Robert A Kingsley, Justin O'Grady, Ana Victoria Gutierrez, Maria Diaz, Thanh Le Viet, Ana P Tedim, Evelien M Adriaenssens, C Patrick Mcclure, Christopher Moore, Fei Sang, Gemma Clark, Hannah C Howson-Wells, Johnny Debebe, Jonathan Ball, Joseph Chappell, Manjinder Khakh, Matthew Carlile, Matthew Loose, Michelle M Lister, Nadine Holmes, Theocharis Tsoleridis, Vicki M Fleming, Victoria Wright, Wendy Smith, Michael D Gallagher, Matthew Parker, David G Partridge, Cariad Evans, Paul Baker, Sarah Essex, Steven Liggett, Alexander J Keeley, Matthew Bashton, Stefan Rooke, Samir Dervisevic, Emma Jane Meader, Carlos Enrique Balcazar Lopez, Adrienn Angyal, Mark Kristiansen, Helena J Tutill, Jacqueline Findlay, Lamia Mestek-Boukhibar, Leysa Forrest, Patricia Dyal, Rachel J Williams, Yasmin Panchbhaya, Charlotte A Williams, Sunando Roy, Sarojini Pandey, Jo Stockton, Nicholas J Loman, Radoslaw Poplawski, Samuel Nicholls, W P M Rowe, Fahad Khokhar, Malte Lars Pinckert, Myra Hosmillo, Yasmin Chaudhry, Laura G Caller, Rose K Davidson, Luke Griffith, Andrew Rambaut, Ben Jackson, Rachel Colquhoun, Verity Hill, Jenna Nichols, Patawee Asamaphan, Alistair Darby, Kathryn A Jackson, Miren Iturriza-Gomara, Ecaterina Edith Vamos, Angie Green, David Aanensen, David Bonsall, David Buck, George Macintyre-Cockett, Mariateresa de Cesare, Oliver Pybus, Tanya Golubchik, Garry Scarlett, Katie F Loveson, Samuel C Robson, Angela Beckett, Benjamin Lindsey, Danielle C Groves, Paul J Parsons, Martin P Mchugh, James Daniel Barnes, Carmen F Manso, Dimitris Grammatopoulos, Katja Elisabeth Menger, Ewan Harrison, Rory Gunson, Sharon J Peacock, Gabriel Gonzalez, Michael Carr, Lazar Mihaela, Odette Popovici, Mia Brytting, Catherine Bresner, William Fuller, Trudy Workman, Andreas F Mentis, Athanasios Kossyvakis, Timokratis Karamitros, Vasiliki Pogka, Antonios Kalliaropoulos, Elina Horefti, Aspasia Kontou, Beatriz Martinez-Gonzalez, Voula Labropoulou, Androniki Voulgari-Kokota, Maria Evangelidou, Panagiota Bizta, Maria Belimezi, Laurens Lambrechts, Mehmet Z Doymaz, Merve Kalkan Yazici, Nesibe S Cetin, Elif Karaaslan, Hannimari Kallio-Kokko, Jenni Virtanen, Maija Suvanto, Phuoc Truong Nguyen, Pekka Ellonen, Sari Hannula, Harri Kangas, Vattipally B Sreenu, Katalin Burián, Gabriella Terhes, Katalin Gombos, Attila Gyenesei, Péter Urbán, Róbert Herczeg, Ferenc Jakab, Gábor Kemenesi, Gábor Endre Tóth, Balázs Somogyi, Brigitta Zana, Safia Zeghbib, Anett Kuczmog, Fanni Földes, Zsófia Lanszki, Mónika Madai, Henrietta Papp, Ágnes Nagy, Csaba István Pereszlényi, Gergely Csaba Babinszky, Gábor Dudás, Eszter Csoma, Ahmad N Abou Tayoun, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali, Tom Loney, Norbert Nowotny, Osama Abdul-Wahab, Fernando Gonzalez-Candelas, Martin H Andersen, Sarah Taylor
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    Citation style for this article: Alm Erik, Broberg Eeva K, Connor Thomas, Hodcroft Emma B, Komissarov Andrey B, Maurer-Stroh Sebastian, Melidou Angeliki, Neher Richard A, O’Toole Áine, Pereyaslov Dmitriy, The WHO European Region sequencing laboratories and GISAID EpiCoV group. Geographical and temporal distribution of SARS-CoV-2 clades in the WHO European Region, January to June 2020. Euro Surveill. 2020;25(32):pii=2001410. https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.32.2001410 Received: 20 Jul 2020;   Accepted: 12 Aug 2020

Abstract

We show the distribution of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) genetic clades over time and between countries and outline potential genomic surveillance objectives. We applied three genomic nomenclature systems to all sequence data from the World Health Organization European Region available until 10 July 2020. We highlight the importance of real-time sequencing and data dissemination in a pandemic situation, compare the nomenclatures and lay a foundation for future European genomic surveillance of SARS-CoV-2.

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2020-08-13
2020-11-26
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.32.2001410
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