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Letter to the editor: importance of a careful investigation to avoid attributing Legionnaires’ disease cases to an incorrect source of infection, Page 1 of 1

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/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.34.2001484
2020-08-27
2020-09-18
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.34.2001484
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References

  1. Palazzolo C, Maffongelli G, D’Abramo A, Lepore L, Mariano A, Vulcano A, et al. Legionella pneumonia: increased risk after COVID-19 lockdown? Italy, May to June 2020. Euro Surveill. 2020;25(30):2001372.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.30.2001372  PMID: 32734857 
  2. Legionnaires' disease outbreak investigation toolbox. Available at: https://legionnaires.ecdc.europa.eu/?pid=10
  3. Phin N, Parry-Ford F, Harrison T, Stagg HR, Zhang N, Kumar K, et al. Epidemiology and clinical management of Legionnaires’ disease. Lancet Infect Dis. 2014;14(10):1011-21.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(14)70713-3  PMID: 24970283 
  4. Afshar B, Fry NK, Bellamy W, Underwood AP, Harrison TG, Members of the European Working Group for Legionella Infections. External quality assessment of a DNA sequence-based scheme for epidemiological typing of Legionella pneumophila by an international network of laboratories. J Clin Microbiol. 2007;45(10):3251-6.  https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00898-07  PMID: 17687012 
  5. Wüthrich D, Gautsch S, Spieler-Denz R, Dubuis O, Gaia V, Moran-Gilad J, et al. Air-conditioner cooling towers as complex reservoirs and continuous source of Legionella pneumophila infection evidenced by a genomic analysis study in 2017, Switzerland. Euro Surveill. 2019;24(4):1800192.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.4.1800192  PMID: 30696527 
  6. ESGLI Guidance for managing Legionella in building water systems during the COVID-19 pandemic. Available at: https://www.escmid.org/research_projects/study_groups/study_groups_g_n/legionella_infections/
  7. Ricci ML, Rota MC, Scaturro M, Veschetti E, Lucentini L, Bonadonna L, et al. Guida per la prevenzione della contaminazione da Legionella negli impianti idrici di strutture turistico recettive, e altri edifici ad uso civile e industrial non utilizzati durante la pandemia COVID-19. [Guide for the prevention of Legionella contamination in the water systems of tourist accommodation facilities and other buildings for civil and industrial use, not used during the COVID-19 pandemic]. Rapporto ISS COVID-19 n. 21/2020. Rome: Istituto Superiore di Sanità. 3 May 2020. Italian. [Accessed 7 Jul 2020]. Available from: https://www.iss.it/documents/20126/0/ Rapporto+ISS+COVID-19+21_2020.pdf/15088523-3e22-55e1-d28d-f37d9aafd186?t=1588953957255
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