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To inform prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), we need reliable prevalence estimates.


One objective of the Slovenian National Survey of Sexual Lifestyles, Attitudes and Health was to estimate the prevalence of STIs with , , and .


Data were collected between October 2016 and July 2017 in a probability sample of the general population aged 18–49 years. Computer-assisted face-to-face interviewing and self-completion of questionnaires were used. Respondents were invited to provide urine samples to be tested for STIs.


Of 1,929 survey participants, 1,087 individuals provided urine samples which were tested confidentially for and a subset (n = 1,023) were tested anonymously for the other STIs. The prevalence of was 0.5% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.1–1.8) in men and 1.7% (95% CI: 0.9–3.2) in women. Age-specific prevalence was the highest among individuals aged 18–24 years, 2.8% (95% CI: 0.7–10.6) in men and 4.7% (95% CI: 1.7–12.3) in women. was not detected. Prevalence of was 0.5% (95% CI: 0.1–2.2) in men and 0.3% (95% CI: 0.1–1.1) in women; the highest prevalence was among men aged 25–34 years (1.1%; 95% CI: 0.2–7.5) and women aged 35–49 years (0.5%; 95% CI: 0.1–2.0). was detected in the sample from one woman (0.2%; 95% CI: 0.1–1.2).


The substantial prevalence of among young adults suggests gaps in testing, diagnosis and treatment.


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