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Rapid diagnosis and whole genome sequencing confirmed a case of monkeypox in an HIV-positive individual receiving antiretroviral therapy. The patient had a normal CD4+ T-cell count and suppressed HIV viral load and presented with a genital rash in Melbourne, Australia after return from Europe in May 2022. He subsequently developed systemic illness and disseminated rash and 11 days after symptom onset, he was hospitalised to manage painful bacterial cellulitis of the genital area.


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