1887
Rapid communication Open Access
Like 0

Abstract

Sindbis virus (SINV) caused a large outbreak in Finland in 2021 with 566 laboratory-confirmed human cases and a notable geographical expansion. Compared with the last large outbreak in 2002, incidence was higher in several hospital districts but lower in traditionally endemic locations in eastern parts of the country. A high incidence is also expected in 2022. Awareness of SINV should be raised in Finland to increase recognition of the disease and prevent transmission through the promotion of control measures.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.31.2200580
2022-08-04
2022-08-11
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.31.2200580
Loading
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/eurosurveillance/27/31/eurosurv-27-31-2.html?itemId=/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.31.2200580&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Brummer-Korvenkontio M, Vapalahti O, Kuusisto P, Saikku P, Manni T, Koskela P, et al. Epidemiology of Sindbis virus infections in Finland 1981-96: possible factors explaining a peculiar disease pattern. Epidemiol Infect. 2002;129(2):335-45.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268802007409  PMID: 12403109 
  2. Kurkela S, Manni T, Myllynen J, Vaheri A, Vapalahti O. Clinical and laboratory manifestations of Sindbis virus infection: prospective study, Finland, 2002-2003. J Infect Dis. 2005;191(11):1820-9.  https://doi.org/10.1086/430007  PMID: 15871114 
  3. Laine M, Luukkainen R, Jalava J, Ilonen J, Kuusistö P, Toivanen A. Prolonged arthritis associated with sindbis-related (Pogosta) virus infection. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2000;39(11):1272-4.  https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/39.11.1272  PMID: 11085809 
  4. Adouchief S, Smura T, Sane J, Vapalahti O, Kurkela S. Sindbis virus as a human pathogen-epidemiology, clinical picture and pathogenesis. Rev Med Virol. 2016;26(4):221-41.  https://doi.org/10.1002/rmv.1876  PMID: 26990827 
  5. Kurkela S, Rätti O, Huhtamo E, Uzcátegui NY, Nuorti JP, Laakkonen J, et al. Sindbis virus infection in resident birds, migratory birds, and humans, Finland. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008a;14(1):41-7.  https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1401.070510  PMID: 18258075 
  6. Manni T, Kurkela S, Vaheri A, Vapalahti O. Diagnostics of Pogosta disease: antigenic properties and evaluation of Sindbis virus IgM and IgG enzyme immunoassays. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2008;8(3):303-11.  https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2007.0623  PMID: 18380591 
  7. Kurkela S, Manni T, Vaheri A, Vapalahti O. Causative agent of Pogosta disease isolated from blood and skin lesions. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10(5):889-94.  https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1005.030689  PMID: 15200824 
  8. Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL). Tartuntatautirekisterin tilastotietokanta. [Statistical database of National Infectious Disease Registry]. Helsinki: THL. [Accessed 22 Jun 2022]. Finnish. Available from: https://sampo.thl.fi/pivot/prod/fi/ttr/shp/fact_shp?row=area-12260&column=time-12059&filter=reportgroup-12074
  9. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). West Nile virus infections, 2021 transmission season. Stockholm: ECDC; 2022. Available from: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/west-nile-virus-infections-2021-transmission-season
  10. Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI). Record-high precipitation in Finland in February. Helsinki: FMI; 2022. Available from: https://en.ilmatieteenlaitos.fi/press-release/2h3QJL1lTT0XS0ngb9BRl8
  11. Natural Resources Institute of Finland Luke. Riistakolmiolaskennat kesä 2021: metsäkanalintujen pesintä onnistui hyvin. [Luke: Game triangulation calculations summer 2021: nesting of grouse was successful]. Helsinki: Finnish Wildlife Agency; 2021. Finnish. Available from: https://riista.fi/luke-riistakolmiolaskennat-kesa-2021-metsakanalintujen-pesinta-onnistui-hyvin
  12. Uusitalo R, Siljander M, Culverwell CL, Hendrickx G, Lindén A, Dub T, et al. Predicting spatial patterns of Sindbis virus (SINV) infection risk in Finland using vector, host and environmental data. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(13):7064.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137064  PMID: 34281003 
  13. Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI). May brought hot days and heavy rain. Helsinki: FMI; 2021. Available from: https://en.ilmatieteenlaitos.fi/press-release/48Q6w0KSao3EUxPywKMaHo
  14. Finnish meteorological Institute (FMI). Normal average temperature in 2021 ‒ summer was warm. Helsinki: FMI; 2022. Available from: https://en.ilmatieteenlaitos.fi/press-release/14Fa6a8VkiZ9cHCityfxPF
  15. Jalava K, Sane J, Ollgren J, Ruuhela R, Rätti O, Kurkela S, et al. Climatic, ecological and socioeconomic factors as predictors of Sindbis virus infections in Finland. Epidemiol Infect. 2013;141(9):1857-66.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S095026881200249X  PMID: 23158410 
  16. Sane J, Guedes S, Ollgren J, Kurkela S, Klemets P, Vapalahti O, et al. Epidemic sindbis virus infection in Finland: a population-based case-control study of risk factors. J Infect Dis. 2011;204(3):459-66.  https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jir267  PMID: 21742846 
  17. Korhonen EM, Suvanto MT, Uusitalo R, Faolotto G, Smura T, Sane J, et al. Sindbis virus strains of divergent origin isolated from humans and mosquitoes during a recent outbreak in Finland. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2020;20(11):843-9.  https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2019.2562  PMID: 32898458 
  18. Auerswald H, Boussioux C, In S, Mao S, Ong S, Huy R, et al. Broad and long-lasting immune protection against various Chikungunya genotypes demonstrated by participants in a cross-sectional study in a Cambodian rural community. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2018;7(1):13.  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41426-017-0010-0  PMID: 29410416 
  19. Nitatpattana N, Kanjanopas K, Yoksan S, Satimai W, Vongba N, Langdatsuwan S, et al. Long-term persistence of Chikungunya virus neutralizing antibodies in human populations of North Eastern Thailand. Virol J. 2014;11(11):183.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-422X-11-183  PMID: 25330992 
  20. Gylfe Å, Ribers Å, Forsman O, Bucht G, Alenius GM, Wållberg-Jonsson S, et al. Mosquitoborne Sindbis virus infection and long-term illness. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;24(6):1141-2.  https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2406.170892  PMID: 29781426 
  21. Kurkela S, Helve T, Vaheri A, Vapalahti O. Arthritis and arthralgia three years after Sindbis virus infection: clinical follow-up of a cohort of 49 patients. Scand J Infect Dis. 2008b;40(2):167-73.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00365540701586996  PMID: 17852949 
/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.31.2200580
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Submit comment
Close
Comment moderation successfully completed
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error