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  1. Boelsums TL, van de Luitgaarden IAT, Whelan J, Poell H, Hoffman CM, Fanoy E, et al. The value of manual backward contact tracing to control COVID-19 in practice, the Netherlands, February to March 2021: a pilot study. Euro Surveill. 2023;28(41):2200916.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2023.28.41.2200916  PMID: 37824253 
  2. Raymenants J, Geenen C, Thibaut J, Nelissen K, Gorissen S, Andre E. Empirical evidence on the efficiency of backward contact tracing in COVID-19. Nat Commun. 2022;13(1):4750.  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-32531-6  PMID: 35963872 
  3. Endo A, Leclerc QJ, Knight GM, Medley GF, Atkins KE, Funk S, et al. Implication of backward contact tracing in the presence of overdispersed transmission in COVID-19 outbreaks. Wellcome Open Res. 2021;5:239.  https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.16344.3  PMID: 33154980 
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