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To better understand the diversity of practices and behaviours to prevent HIV with casual partners, data from a large convenience sample of men who have sex with men (MSM) in France were categorised into different prevention profiles: no anal intercourse, consistent condom use during anal intercourse, risk-reduction practices (serosorting, seropositioning) and no discernible prevention practice (NDPP). Categories were applied to HIV-positive respondents with controlled (CI; n=672) and uncontrolled infection (UI; n=596), HIV-negative (n=4,734) and untested respondents (n=663). Consistent condom use was reported by 22% (n=148) of HIV-positive-CI respondents, 13% (n=79) of HIV-positives UI, 55% (2,603) of HIV-negatives, and 50% (n=329) of untested (p<0.001). Corresponding figures for NDPP were 45% (n=304), 55% (n=327), 21% (n=984) and 34% (n=227) (p<0.001). Logistic regressions showed that, regardless of respondents' serostatus, NDPP was associated with regularly frequenting dating websites, drug use, exposure to sperm during oral sex, and with HIV diagnosis after 2000 for HIV-positive respondents (CI and UI), with age?<30 years for HIV-positive-CI, and with low education for HIV-negatives. Risk-taking remains high, despite implementation of risk-reduction practices. A global health approach should be central to prevention programmes for MSM, to include target behavioural intervention, promotion of condom use, and encouragement of regular HIV testing and early initiation of ART. .


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