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Controlling sexually transmitted Chlamydia trachomatis in Europe is important because it is one of the most common notifiable infections in many European and other industrialised countries. Prevalence is highest in young sexually active adults, with infection rates of 2-6% estimated in population-based studies among under 30 year-olds in the Netherlands [1], Denmark [2], and the United Kingdom (UK) [3]. Untreated genital chlamydia infections can cause tubal infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain in women and epididymo-orchitis in men [4]. During pregnancy, chlamydia infections are associated with adverse outcomes and neonatal infections [4]. HIV infection is also transmitted more easily in the presence of co-infection with Chlamydia [4].


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