Editorial Open Access
Like 1
Preview this article:
Zoom in

Preventing sepsis in healthcare – 200 years after the birth of Ignaz Semmelweis, Page 1 of 1

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/eurosurveillance/23/18/eurosurv-23-18-1-1.gif

There is no abstract available for this article.
Use the preview function to the left.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Pittet D, Boyce J. Hand hygiene during patient care: pursuing the Semmelweis legacy. Lancet Infect Dis. 2001;1(April):9-30.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(09)70295-6  PMID: 11871420 
  2. Stewardson A, Allegranzi B, Sax H, Kilpatrick C, Pittet D. Back to the future: rising to the Semmelweis challenge in hand hygiene. Future Microbiol. 2011;6(8):855-76.  https://doi.org/10.2217/fmb.11.66  PMID: 21861619 
  3. Nuland SB. The doctor's plague: germs, childbed fever, and the strange story of Ignac Semmelweis. New York: WW Norton & Company; 2003.
  4. Semmelweis IP. Die Aetiologie, der Begriff und die Prophylaxis des Kindbezttfiebers. [Etiology, concept, and prophylaxis of childbed fever]. Pest, Vienna and Leipzig: A Hartelebens Verlags-Exhibition; 1861. German.
  5. Rotter ML. Semmelweis’ sesquicentennial: a little-noted anniversary of handwashing. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 1998;11(4):457-60.  https://doi.org/10.1097/00001432-199808000-00011  PMID: 17033411 
  6. World Health Organization (WHO). WHO Guidelines on hand hygiene in health care. Geneva: WHO; 2009. Available from: http://www.who.int/gpsc/5may/tools/9789241597906/en/
  7. Sax H, Allegranzi B, Uçkay I, Larson E, Boyce J, Pittet D. ‘My five moments for hand hygiene’: a user-centred design approach to understand, train, monitor and report hand hygiene. J Hosp Infect. 2007;67(1):9-21.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2007.06.004  PMID: 17719685 
  8. Céline LF. Semmelweis. Paris, France: Ed. Gallimard (Collection “L’Imaginaire”); 1999.
  9. Singer M, Deutschman CS, Seymour CW, Shankar-Hari M, Annane D, Bauer M, et al. The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3). JAMA. 2016;315(8):801-10.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2016.0287  PMID: 26903338 
  10. Fleischmann C, Scherag A, Adhikari NK, Hartog CS, Tsaganos T, Schlattmann P, et al. Assessment of global incidence and mortality of hospital-treated sepsis. Current estimates and limitations. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016;193(3):259-72.  https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201504-0781OC  PMID: 26414292 
  11. Say L, Chou D, Gemmill A, Tunçalp Ö, Moller AB, Daniels J, et al. Global causes of maternal death: a WHO systematic analysis. Lancet Glob Health. 2014;2(6):e323-33.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(14)70227-X  PMID: 25103301 
  12. Black RE, Laxminarayan R, Temmerman M, Walker N, editors. Reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health: disease control priorities. Third ed. (vol. 2). Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank; 2016.
  13. Wang H, Naghavi M, Allen C, Barber RM, Bhutta ZA, Carter A, et al. Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet. 2016;388(10053):1459-544.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31012-1  PMID: 27733281 
  14. Fleischmann-Struzek C, Goldfarb DM, Schlattmann P, Schlapbach LJ, Reinhart K, Kissoon N. The global burden of paediatric and neonatal sepsis: a systematic review. Lancet Respir Med. 2018;6(3):223-30.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(18)30063-8  PMID: 29508706 
  15. Agyepong IA, Sewankambo N, Binagwaho A, Coll-Seck AM, Corrah T, Ezeh A, et al. The path to longer and healthier lives for all Africans by 2030: the Lancet Commission on the future of health in sub-Saharan Africa. Lancet. 2018;390(10114):2803-59.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)31509-X  PMID: 28917958 
  16. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in Europe 2016. Annual Report of the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net). Stockholm: ECDC; 2017. Available from: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/sites/portal/files/documents/AMR-surveillance-Europe-2016.pdf.
  17. Zhang Y, Chen XL, Huang AW, Liu SL, Liu WJ, Zhang N, et al. Mortality attributable to carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia: a meta-analysis of cohort studies. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2016;5(3):e27.  https://doi.org/10.1038/emi.2016.22  PMID: 27004762 
  18. Lemos EV, de la Hoz FP, Einarson TR, McGhan WF, Quevedo E, Castañeda C, et al. Carbapenem resistance and mortality in patients with Acinetobacter baumannii infection: systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2014;20(5):416-23.  https://doi.org/10.1111/1469-0691.12363  PMID: 24131374 
  19. World Health Organisation (WHO). Sepsis Fact Sheet. Geneva: WHO; 2018. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/sepsis/en/
  20. Haley RW, Culver DH, White JW, Morgan WM, Emori TG, Munn VP, et al. The efficacy of infection surveillance and control programs in preventing nosocomial infections in US hospitals. Am J Epidemiol. 1985;121(2):182-205.  https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a113990  PMID: 4014115 
  21. Pittet D, Hugonnet S, Harbarth S, Mourouga P, Sauvan V, Touveneau S, et al. Effectiveness of a hospital-wide programme to improve compliance with hand hygiene. Infection Control Programme. Lancet. 2000;356(9238):1307-12.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(00)02814-2  PMID: 11073019 
  22. Cairncross S, Hunt C, Boisson S, Bostoen K, Curtis V, Fung IC, et al. Water, sanitation and hygiene for the prevention of diarrhoea. Int J Epidemiol. 2010;39(Suppl 1):i193-205.  https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyq035  PMID: 20348121 
  23. World Health Organisation (WHO). World Health Assembly. Geneva: WHO; 2017. Available from: http://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA70/A70_R7-en.pdf

Data & Media loading...

Submit comment
Comment moderation successfully completed
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error