1887
Rapid communication Open Access
Like 0

Abstract

As in 2018, when a large West Nile virus (WNV) epidemic occurred, the 2022 vector season in Italy was marked by an early onset of WNV circulation in mosquitoes and birds. Human infections were limited until early July, when we observed a rapid increase in the number of cases. We describe the epidemiology of human infections and animal and vector surveillance for WNV and compare the more consolidated data of June and July 2022 with the same period in 2018.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.36.2200653
2022-09-08
2022-10-07
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.36.2200653
Loading
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/eurosurveillance/27/36/eurosurv-27-36-3.html?itemId=/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.36.2200653&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). List of case definitions for reporting communicable diseases to the Community network under Decision No 2119/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. Stockholm: ECDC. [Accessed: 29 Aug 2022]. Available from: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/all-topics/eu-case-definitions
  2. Ministero della Salute. Piano Nazionale di prevenzione, sorveglianza e risposta alle Arbovirosi (PNA) 2020-2025 [National plan for the prevention, surveillance and response to arboviruses, 2020-2025]. Rome: Ministero della Salute; 2019. Italian. Available from: https://www.salute.gov.it/imgs/C_17_pubblicazioni_2947_allegato.pdf
  3. Riccardo F, Monaco F, Bella A, Savini G, Russo F, Cagarelli R, et al. An early start of West Nile virus seasonal transmission: the added value of One Heath surveillance in detecting early circulation and triggering timely response in Italy, June to July 2018. Euro Surveill. 2018;23(32):1800427.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2018.23.32.1800427  PMID: 30107870 
  4. Young JJ, Haussig JM, Aberle SW, Pervanidou D, Riccardo F, Sekulić N, et al. Epidemiology of human West Nile virus infections in the European Union and European Union enlargement countries, 2010 to 2018. Euro Surveill. 2021;26(19):2001095.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.19.2001095  PMID: 33988124 
  5. Barzon L, Montarsi F, Quaranta E, Monne I, Pacenti M, Michelutti A, et al. Early start of seasonal transmission and co-circulation of West Nile virus lineage 2 and a newly introduced lineage 1 strain, northern Italy, June 2022. Euro Surveill. 2022;27(29):2200548.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.29.2200548  PMID: 35866436 
  6. Haussig JM, Young JJ, Gossner CM, Mezei E, Bella A, Sirbu A, et al. Early start of the West Nile fever transmission season 2018 in Europe. Euro Surveill. 2018;23(32):1800428.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2018.23.32.1800428  PMID: 30107869 
  7. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Weekly updates: 2022 West Nile virus transmission season. Stockholm: ECDC. [Accessed: 29 Aug 2022]. Available from: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/west-nile-fever/surveillance-and-disease-data/disease-data-ecdc
  8. Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale (ISPRA). Gli indicatori del clima in Italia nel 2018 [Climate indicators in Italy in 2018]. Rome: ISPRA; 2019. Italian. Available from: https://www.isprambiente.gov.it/files2019/pubblicazioni/stato-ambiente/SA_88_19_Indicatori_clima_annoXIV_2018.pdf
  9. Marini G, Manica M, Delucchi L, Pugliese A, Rosà R. Spring temperature shapes West Nile virus transmission in Europe. Acta Trop. 2021;215:105796.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105796  PMID: 33310078 
  10. Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC). Climate analysis. Bologna: ISAC. [Accessed: 17 Aug 2022]. Available from: https://www.isac.cnr.it/climstor/climate_news.html#month
  11. BBC News. Drought emergency declared in northern Italy. 5 July 2022. Available from: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-62046165
  12. Italian Civil Protection. Maltempo: piogge e temporali al Nord. [Bad weather: rains and thunderstorms in the North]. Rome: Civil Protection Department; 2022. Italian. Available from: https://www.protezionecivile.gov.it/en/comunicato-stampa/maltempo-piogge-e-temporali-al-nord-1
  13. Riccardo F, Bolici F, Fafangel M, Jovanovic V, Socan M, Klepac P, et al. West Nile virus in Europe: after action reviews of preparedness and response to the 2018 transmission season in Italy, Slovenia, Serbia and Greece. Global Health. 2020;16(1):47.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12992-020-00568-1  PMID: 32423479 
  14. Municipality of Padova. Interventi straordinari e di emergenza. [Extra-ordinary and emergency interventions]. Padova: Municipality of Padova; 2022. Available from: https://www.padovanet.it/informazione/interventi-straordinari-e-di-emergenza-ordinanze-del-sindaco-e-dei-settori
  15. Copernicus. Climate change. [Accessed: 9 Aug 2022]. Available from: https://climate.copernicus.eu
  16. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Weekly updates: 2022 West Nile virus transmission season. Stockholm: ECDC. [Accessed: 8 Sept 2022]. Available from: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/west-nile-fever/surveillance-and-disease-data/disease-data-ecdc
  17. Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT). Codici statistici delle unità amministrative territoriali: comuni, città metropolitane, province e regioni. [Statistical codes of the administrative units at municipality, city, province and regional level). Rome: ISTAT; 2022. Italian. Available from: https://www.istat.it/it/archivio/6789
  18. EUROSTAT. Methodology: degree of urbanization. Luxembourg: Eurostat. [Accessed: 29 Aug 2022]. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/degree-of-urbanisation/methodology
/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.36.2200653
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Submit comment
Close
Comment moderation successfully completed
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error