Letter Open Access
Like 0
Preview this article:

There is no abstract available.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Montero Morales L, Barbas Del Buey JF, Alonso García M, Cenamor Largo N, Nieto Juliá A, Vázquez Torres MC, et al. Post-exposure vaccine effectiveness and contact management in the mpox outbreak, Madrid, Spain, May to August 2022. Euro Surveill. 2023;28(24):2200883.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2023.28.24.2200883  PMID: 37318762 
  2. Miura F, van Ewijk CE, Backer JA, Xiridou M, Franz E, Op de Coul E, et al. Estimated incubation period for monkeypox cases confirmed in the Netherlands, May 2022. Euro Surveill. 2022;27(24):2200448.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2022.27.24.2200448  PMID: 35713026 
  3. Charniga K, Masters NB, Slayton RB, Gosdin L, Minhaj FS, Philpott D, et al. Estimating the incubation period of monkeypox virus during the 2022 multi-national outbreak.2022. medRxiv2022.06.22.22276713. Preprint.  https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.06.22.22276713 
  4. Guzzetta G, Mammone A, Ferraro F, Caraglia A, Rapiti A, Marziano V, et al. Early estimates of monkeypox incubation period, generation time, and reproduction number, Italy, May-June 2022. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022;28(10):2078-81.  https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2810.221126  PMID: 35994726 
  5. Ward T, Christie R, Paton RS, Cumming F, Overton CE. Transmission dynamics of monkeypox in the United Kingdom: contact tracing study. BMJ. 2022;379:e073153.  https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj-2022-073153  PMID: 36323407 
  6. McFarland SE, Marcus U, Hemmers L, Miura F, Iñigo Martínez J, Martínez FM, et al. Estimated incubation period distributions of mpox using cases from two international European festivals and outbreaks in a club in Berlin, May to June 2022. Euro Surveill. 2023;28(27):2200806.  https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2023.28.27.2200806  PMID: 37410383 
  7. Zaeck LM, Lamers MM, Verstrepen BE, Bestebroer TM, van Royen ME, Götz H, et al. Low levels of monkeypox virus-neutralizing antibodies after MVA-BN vaccination in healthy individuals. Nat Med. 2023;29(1):270-8.  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-022-02090-w  PMID: 36257333 
  8. Suissa S. Immortal time bias in observational studies of drug effects. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2007;16(3):241-9.  https://doi.org/10.1002/pds.1357  PMID: 17252614 
Submit comment
Comment moderation successfully completed
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error