Rapid communication Open Access
Like 0


Dengue virus (DENV) infections after exposure in Egypt increased in Germany in 2023, with 36 cases vs zero to eight in 2017 to 2022. Over 90% of the patients had stayed on the Red Sea Coast (mostly Hurghada), almost 50% in private residences. Case numbers increased more strongly than traveller numbers. Mosquito control is more difficult in towns than hotel grounds, increasing the risk of infection at private residences. Physicians should consider dengue for unexplained fever after return from Egypt.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Bundesministerium der Justiz (BMJ). [Federal Ministry of Justice]. Gesetz zur Verhütung und Bekämpfung von Infektionskrankheiten beim Menschen (Infektionsschutzgesetz - IfSG). [Protection against Infection Act]. Berlin: BMJ; 2000. German. Available from: https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/ifsg/IfSG.pdf
  2. Gad AM, Salit A. The mosquitoes of the Red Sea area, Egypt. J Med Entomol. 1972;9(6):581-2.  https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/9.6.581  PMID: 4144019 
  3. Heikal OM, El-Bahnasawy MM, Morsy AT, Khalil HH. Aedes aegypti re-emerging in Egypt: a review and what should be done? J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2011;41(3):801-14. PMID: 22435171 
  4. World Health Organization (WHO). Disease outbreak news: Dengue– Egypt. Geneva: WHO; 2015. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/disease-outbreak-news/item/12-november-2015-dengue-en
  5. Saifullin MA, Laritchev VP, Grigorieva YE, Zvereva NN, Domkina AM, Saifullin RF, et al. Two cases of dengue fever imported from Egypt to Russia, 2017. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018;24(4):813-4.  https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2404.172131  PMID: 29346061 
  6. El-Kady AM, Osman HA, Alemam MF, Marghani D, Shanawaz MA, Wakid MH, et al. Circulation of dengue virus serotype 2 in humans and mosquitoes during an outbreak in El Quseir City, Egypt. Infect Drug Resist. 2022;15:2713-21.  https://doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S360675  PMID: 35668858 
  7. Abozeid S, Elsayed AK, Schaffner F, Samy AM. Re-emergence of Aedes aegypti in Egypt. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;18(2):142-3.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30018-5  PMID: 29412959 
  8. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Aedes aegypti - current known distribution: October 2023. Stockholm: 2023. Available from: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/aedes-aegypti-current-known-distribution-october-2023
  9. World Meteorological Organization (WMO). World Weather Information Service: Hurghada, Egypt. Geneva: WMO. [Accessed: 11 Jan 2024]. Available from: https://worldweather.wmo.int/en/city.html?cityId=1270
  10. German Statistical Office (DESTATIS). Air travelers from German international airports to Egypt January 2022-September 2023 by destination airport. Wiesbaden: DESTATIS; 2023. Received as per data request on 12 Dec 2023.
  11. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Aedes albopictus - current known distribution: October 2023. Stockholm: ECDC; 2023. Available from: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/aedes-albopictus-current-known-distribution-october-2023

Data & Media loading...

Submit comment
Comment moderation successfully completed
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error