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PFGE analysis of S. Java strains (29 from humans, 30 from poultry meat) showed two major clusters. All isolates from poultry imported from the Netherlands belonged to Cluster A, which also comprised 10 human isolates. Thirty-one of the 37 isolates in this cluster had an identical JavX1 pattern, similar to the X8 profile of a particular S. Java clone predominant in poultry production in several European countries. Cluster B comprised 19 human isolates and two poultry isolates of unknown origin. These results combined with epidemiological data and information on the origins of poultry meat strongly suggested that imported poultry meat is an important source of Java infections in humans in Scotland.


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